honoring the Sabbath

Repairing the Breach/ God’s Perpetual Sabbath

REPAIRER OF THE BREACH
Debra Stout, July 2010

Today, Yehovah is restoring His 7th Day Sabbath which has been neglected (lain in “ruins”) for “many generations,” but He is raising up those called to “repair the breach,” just like He did in Nehemiah’s day when He raised certain people to “rebuild” a wall that had been broken down – Neh 2:17, 6:1 & 15. Contrary to what’s written in the Bible and what the early church practiced, most churches whether Catholic or Protestant, observe Sunday as the Sabbath since emperor Constantine changed the observance of it from the 7th Day to Sunday in 321 A.D. [1] Just as there were those who violently OPPOSED Nehemiah’s restoring the wall, there are those who oppose the “restoration” of the observance of the 7th Day as the Sabbath, based on human reasoning more than on the Bible.  

Isa 58:12 Then the places that have ever been waste, shall be builded of thee: there shalt thou lay a foundation for many kindreds. Thou shalt be called the maker-up of hedges, and the builder-again of the way of the Sabbath. (Tyndale/Coverdale Ver)

Isa 58:12 And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in. (KJV)

Isa 58:13 Yea, if thou turn thy feet from the Sabbath, so that thou do not the thing which pleaseth thyself in my holy day: then shalt thou becalled unto the pleasant, holy, and glorious Sabbath of the LORD, where thou shalt be in honor – so that thou do not after thine own imagination, neither seek thine own will, nor speak thine own words. (Tyndale/Coverdale Ver)

Isa 58:13 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: (KJV)

turn away – H7725 שׁוּב shûb shoob
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again: – ([break, build, circumcise, dig, do anything, do evil, feed, lay down, lie down, lodge, make, rejoice, send, take, weep]) X again, (cause to) answer (+ again), X in any case (wise), X at all, averse, bring (again, back, home again), call [to mind], carry again (back), cease, X certainly, come again (back) X consider, + continually, convert, deliver (again), + deny, draw back, fetch home again, X fro, get [oneself] (back) again, X give (again), go again (back, home), [go] out, hinder, let, [see] more, X needs, be past, X pay, pervert, pull in again, put (again, up again), recall, recompense, recover, refresh, relieve, render (again), X repent, requite, rescue, restore, retrieve, (cause to, make to) return, reverse, reward, + say nay, send back, set again, slide back, still, X surely, take back (off), (cause to, make to) turn (again, self again, away, back, back again, backward, from, off), withdraw.

from – H4480 מנּי מנּי מן min minnîy minnêy min, min-nee’, min-nay’ For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses: – above, after, among, at, because of, by (reason of), from (among), in, X neither, X nor, (out) of, over, since, X then, through, X whether, with.

In the JPS (Jewish Publication Society Bible) it reads:

Isa 58:13 If thou turn away thy foot because of the sabbath, from pursuing thy business on My holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, and the holy of the LORD honourable; and shalt honour it, not doing thy wonted ways, nor pursuing thy business, nor speaking thereof;

Matthew Henry makes sense of it: “We must turn away our foot from the sabbath, from trampling upon it, as profane atheistical people do, from travelling on that day (so some); we must turn away our foot from doing our pleasure on that holy day, that is, from living at large, and taking a liberty to do what we please on sabbath days, without the control and restraint of conscience, or from indulging ourselves in the pleasures of sense. Great stress was always laid upon the due observance of the sabbath day, and it was particularly required from the Jews when they were captives in Babylon, because by keeping that day, in honour of the Creator, they distinguished themselves from the worshippers of the gods that have not made the heavens and the earth. See Isa_56:1, Isa_56:2, where keeping the sabbath is joined, as here, with keeping judgment and doing justice. Some, indeed, understand this of the day of atonement, which they think is the fast spoken of in the former part of the chapter, and which is called a sabbath of rest, Lev_23:32. But, as the fasts before spoken of seem to be those that were occasional, so this sabbath is doubtless the weekly sabbath, that great sign between God and his professing people – his appointing it a sign of his favour to them and their observing it a sign of their obedience to him. (bolding mine)

Here’s what Jamieson, Fausset & Brown have to say:

Isa 58:13
(Isa_56:2; Neh_13:15-22). The Sabbath, even under the new dispensation, was to be obligatory (Isa_66:23).

foot — the instrument of motion (compare Pro_4:27); men are not to travel for mere pleasure on the Sabbath (Act_1:12). The Jews were forbidden to travel on it farther than the tabernacle or temple. If thou keep thy foot from going on thy own ways and “doing thy pleasure,” etc. (Exo_20:10, Exo_20:11).
my holy day — God claims it as His day; to take it for our pleasure is to rob Him of His own. This is the very way in which the Sabbath is mostly broken; it is made a day of carnal pleasure instead of spiritual “delight.”
holy of the Lord — not the predicate, but the subject; “if thou call the holy (day) of Jehovah honorable”; if thou treat it as a day to be honored.
him — or else, it, the Sabbath.
not doing … own way — answering to, “turn away thy foot from the Sabbath.”
nor finding … pleasure — answering to, “doing thy pleasure.” “To keep the Sabbath in an idle manner is the sabbath of oxen and asses; to pass it in a jovial manner is the sabbath of the golden calf, when the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose again to play; to keep it in surfeiting and wantonness is the sabbath of Satan, the devil’s holiday” [Bishop Andrewes].
nor speaking … words — answering to, “call Sabbath a delight … honorable.” Man’s “own words” would “call” it a “weariness”; it is the spiritual nature given from above which “calls it a delight” (Amo_8:5; Mal_1:13).

WASTE (places) – H2723 חרבּה chorbâh
khor-baw’ Feminine of H2721; properly drought, that is, (by implication) a desolation: – decayed place, desolate (place, -tion), destruction, (laid) waste (place).

BUILD – H1129 בּנה bânâh baw-naw’
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively): – (begin to) build (-er), obtain children, make, repair, set (up), X surely.

OLD – H5769 עלם עולם ‛ôlâm ‛ôlâm o-lawm’, o-lawm’ From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always: – always (-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, [n-]) ever (-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+ without end). Compare H5331, H5703.

RAISE UP – H6965 קוּם qûm koom
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively): – abide, accomplish, X be clearer, confirm, continue, decree, X be dim, endure, X enemy, enjoin, get up, make good, help, hold, (help to) lift up (again), make, X but newly, ordain, perform, pitch, raise (up), rear (up), remain, (a-) rise (up) (again, against), rouse up, set (up), (e-) stablish, (make to) stand (up), stir up, strengthen, succeed, (as-, make) sure (-ly), (be) up (-hold, -rising).

MANY GENERATIONS – H1755 דּר דּור dôr dôr dore, dore From H1752; properly a revolution of time, that is, an age or generation; also a dwelling: – age, X evermore, generation, [n-]ever, posterity.

REPAIRER – H1443 גּדר gâdar gaw-dar’
A primitive root; to wall in or around: – close up, fence up, hedge, inclose, make up [a wall], mason, repairer.

BREACH – H6556 פּרץ perets peh’-rets
From H6555; a break (literally or figuratively): – breach, breaking forth (in), X forth, gap.

RESTORER – H7725 שׁוּב shûb shoob
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again: – ([break, build, circumcise, dig, do anything, do evil, feed, lay down, lie down, lodge, make, rejoice, send, take, weep]) X again, (cause to) answer (+ again), X in any case (wise), X at all, averse, bring (again, back, home again), call [to mind], carry again (back), cease, X certainly, come again (back) X consider, + continually, convert, deliver (again), + deny, draw back, fetch home again, X fro, get [oneself] (back) again, X give (again), go again (back, home), [go] out, hinder, let, [see] more, X needs, be past, X pay, pervert, pull in again, put (again, up again), recall, recompense, recover, refresh, relieve, render (again), X repent, requite, rescue, restore, retrieve, (cause to, make to) return, reverse, reward, + say nay, send back, set again, slide back, still, X surely, take back (off), (cause to, make to) turn (again, self again, away, back, back again, backward, from, off), withdraw.

PATHS – H5410 נתבה נתיבה נתיב nâthîyb nethîybâh nethibâh naw-theeb’, neth-ee-baw’, neth-ee-baw’ From an unused root meaning to tramp; a (beaten) track: – path ([-way]), X travel [-er], way.

DWELL IN – H3427 ישׁב yâshab yaw-shab’
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry: – (make to) abide (-ing), continue, (cause to, make to) dwell (-ing), ease self, endure, establish, X fail, habitation, haunt, (make to) inhabit (-ant), make to keep [house], lurking, X marry (-ing), (bring again to) place, remain, return, seat, set (-tle), (down-) sit (-down, still, -ting down, -ting [place] -uate), take, tarry.

ARE WE FINISHED WITH THE SABBATH?

Isa 66:23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before Me, saith the LORD.

Here’s Jamieson, Fausset, & Brown’s take: Isa 66:23 Literally, “As often as the new moon (shall be) in its own new moon,” that is, every month (Zec_14:16). sabbath — which is therefore perpetually obligatory on earth.

Albert Barne’s Notes on the Bible states:

II. From the closing portion of this chapter Isa_58:13-14, we may derive the following important inferences respecting the Sabbath:
    1. It is to be of perpetual obligation. The whole chapter occurs in the midst of statements that relate to the times of the Messiah. There is no intimation that the Sabbath was to be abolished, but it is fairly implied that its observance was to be attended with most happy results in those future times. At all events, Isaiah regarded it as of binding obligation, and felt that its proper observance was identified with the national welfare.
    2. We may see the manner in which the Sabbath is to be observed. In no place in the Bible is there a more full account of the proper mode of keeping that holy day. We are to refrain from ordinary traveling and employments; we are not to engage in doing our own pleasure; we are to regard it with delight, and to esteem it a day worthy to be honored; and we are to show respect to it by not performing our own ordinary works, or pursuing pleasures, or engaging in the common topics of conversation. In this description there occurs nothing of unique Jewish ceremony, and nothing which indicates that it is not to be observed in this manner at all times. Under the gospel, assuredly, it is as proper to celebrate the Sabbath in this way, as it was in the times of Isaiah, and God doubtless intended that it should be perpetually observed in this manner.
    3. Important benefits result from the right observance of the Sabbath. In the passage before us, these are said to be, that they who thus observed it would find pleasure in Yahweh, and would be signally prospered and be safe. But those benefits are by no means confined to the Jewish people. It is as true now as it was then, that they who observe the Sabbath in a proper manner find happiness in the Lord – in his existence, perfections, promises, law, and in communion with him – which is to be found nowhere else. Of this fact there are abundant witnesses now in every Christian church, and they will continue to be multiplied in every coming age. And it is as true that the proper observance of the Sabbath contributes to the prosperity and safety of a nation now, as it ever did among the Jewish people. It is not merely from the fact that God promises to bless the people who keep his holy day; though this is of more value to a nation than all its armies and fleets; but it is, that there is in the institution itself much that tends to the welfare and prosperity of a country.

It is a time when worldliness is broken in upon by a periodical season of rest, and when the thoughts are left free to contemplate higher and purer objects. It is a time when more instruction is imparted on moral and religious subjects, than on all the other days of the week put together. The public worship of God tends to enlarge the intellect, and purify the heart. No institution has ever been originated that has contributed so much to elevate the common mind; to diffuse order, peace, neatness, decency among people, and thus to perpetuate and extend all that is valuable in society, as the Sabbath. Anyone may be convinced of this, who will be at the pains to compare a neighborhood, a village, or a city where the Sabbath is not observed with one where it is; and the difference will convince him at once, that society owes more to the Sabbath than to any single institution besides, and that in no way possible can one-seventh portion of the time be so well employed as in the manner contemplated by the Christian day of rest.

THE RESTORATION! —

Isa 51:3 For the LORD hath compassion on Zion and hath compassion on all that is decayed therein, and will make her wilderness as paradise, and her desert as the garden of the LORD. Joy and gladness shall be found therein, with thanksgiving and the voice of praise.

Isa 61:4 They shall build the long rough wildernesses, and set up the old desert. They shall repair the waste places, and such as have been void throughout many generations.

Eze 36:10 I will send you much people, which shall be all of the house of Israel: the cities shall be inhabited, and the decayed places shall be repaired again.

Eze 36:33 Moreover, thus sayeth the LORD God: What time as I shall cleanse you from all your offenses, then will I make the cities to be occupied again, and will repair the places that be decayed.

Eze 36:34 The desolate land shall be builded again, which afore time lay waste in the sight of all them that went by.

Eze 36:35 Then shall it be said, ‘This wasteland is become like a garden of pleasure, and the void, desolate and broken down cities are now strong, and fenced again.’

Neh 4:7 But when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and the Arabians, and Ammonites, and Ashdodites heard that the walls of Jerusalem were made up, and that they had begun to stop up the gaps, they were very wroth;

Dan 9:25 Understand this then, and mark it well: That from the time it shall be concluded to go and repair Jerusalem again, unto Christ, the anointed Prince: there shall be seven weeks. Then shall the streets and walls be builded again sixty two weeks, but with hard troublous time. (Italics & bolding mine)

Amo 9:11 “At that time will I build again the tabernacle of David, that is fallen down, and hedge up his gaps. And look: what is broken, I shall repair it. Yea, I shall build it again, as it was a fore time,

Act 15:16 ‘After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David which is fallen down, and that which is fallen in decay of it will I build again and I will set it up,

The main idea is to restore or return Zion to keeping God’s Laws which have laid in ruin and decay (been neglected) for many generations!!! This would be the Ten Commandments, including the 7th Day Sabbath! See Isa 58:12, which many ministers say is just speaking of a ‘spiritual rest’ which doesn’t square with what the Scriptures say. The book of Hebrews speaks of a rest which is a spiritual rest, but Isaiah is talking about an actual, physical day.  

OUR REWARD FOR KEEPING GOD’S SABBATH —

From Jamieson, Fausset, & Brown:
Isa 58:14 delight … in … Lord — God rewards in kind, as He punishes in kind. As we “delight” in keeping God’s “Sabbath,” so God will give us “delight” in Himself (Gen_15:1; Job_22:21-26; Psa_37:4).
ride upon … high places — I will make thee supreme lord of the land; the phrase is taken from a conqueror riding in his chariot, and occupying the hills and fastnesses of a country [Vitringa], (Deu_32:13; Mic_1:3; Hab_3:19). Judea was a land of hills; the idea thus is, “I will restore thee to thine own land” [Calvin]. The parallel words, “heritage of Jacob,” confirm this (Gen_27:28, Gen_27:29; Gen_28:13-15).
mouth of … Lord … spoken it — a formula to assure men of the fulfillment of any solemn promise which God has made (Isa_40:5).

From Matthew Poole’s Commentary:
And feed thee with the heritage of Jacob, i.e. thou shalt enjoy the good of the land of Canaan, which God had promised as a heritage of Jacob and his seed, Gen_35:12, and feed on the fruits of it.

Question: Why doth he say of the heritage of Jacob, and not of Abraham or Isaac?

Answer: Because the whole posterity of Jacob was within the covenant, but Ishmael and Esau, one the seed of Isaac, the other the seed of Abraham, were both excluded.

ENDNOTES: 

[1] http://www.sabbathtruth.com/free-resources/article-library/id/916/catholic-church-admits-they-made-the-change